Smiths gold automatic (1964)
The automatic movement was the apex of technical development by Smiths, indeed Smiths were the only English watch manufacturer to ever produce an automatic movement. It was developed in the late 1950s in keeping to the general adoption of automatic movements by the Swiss watch industry. The cal 104G automatic movement was built on Smiths calibre 104 manual wind movement, designed from the outset to be adaptable to take an automatic winding module. The automatic winding system was quite closely based on the the IWC cal 853. The automatic watch was Smiths’ most expensive model and was available in either a gold or stainless steel case.
The dial is signed Everest, which Smiths reserved for their premium watches, it refers to the fact that Edmund Hillary carried a Smiths watch on the historic first ascent of Everest in 1953.
The watch has been fully serviced and regulated and the time keeping is first class. It is supplied with a new Hirsch leather strap/ I have deliberately left the case unpolished - there is some tarnish to the gold due to it's age. I can remove this if the new owner would prefer it, but to my eyes it looks more handsome in its current state. This is a very rare watch, perfect for the person who cherishes the tradition of English-made craftsmanship.
Case diameter (excluding winding crown): 34mm
Case material: 9 carat gold (hallmarked 1964)
strap width: 18mm
time keeping: grade A
Smiths were the last English producers of quality watches. Their watches aren't very well known today because it's over 30 years since they stopped production, but the quality of their watches bears comparison with anything the Swiss were producing. Smiths produced a variety of styles of watch for both ladies and gentlemen in chrome, steel, silver and gold cases. The gold cased watches were particularly popular as long-service presentation gifts and the casebacks are often engraved with a presentation inscription. We don't remove these inscriptions as we feel they are an important part of the story of each watch. They developed an automatic movement watch and also were contracted by the British army to produce a wristwatch for general service use (the automatic and the military Smiths are amongst the most sought after and command high prices).
These days we associate the Swiss with high end mechanical watches, but in the 19th century it was English watches that occupied this prestigious position. The Swiss began to compete with the English watchmakers by producing low cost watches. The English were slow to adapt to this new competitor, they took great pride in the relatively small volume of high-quality hand made watches that were produced in England. The Swiss gradually swamped the watch market - beginning with low cost watches, later they produced watches of a comparable quality to the English hand-made watch, but at a lower price. The Swiss developed machine production of watches, this meant that the quality could be kept consistent and replacement parts were interchangeable. Ultimately the English industry couldn't compete and by the early 1930s pretty much all watches were imported.
In the run up to the second world war, the government became concerned that there was no indigenous watch industry left. They turned to S. Smith & Sons who were a long established a watch and clock producer and underwrote the development of a new factory in Cheltenham. Precise timing mechanisms were important for the war in things like bomb timers, as well as more traditional time pieces.
After the second world war, Smiths switched over to civilian production with the first of their watches coming onto the market in 1947. They continued production up until the late 1970s, when they rather suddenly split up the watch and clock division of the company. By this time Smiths Industries was more focussed on civil and military avionics and probably felt that the watches were part of their past. It seems odd that nobody else sought to take over the business as they were clearly profitable, possibly the impact of quartz watches was a factor in their decision to end the business
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